www.PhillyKnits.org


 

 LEARN TO KNIT! 

Knitting is good for the brain.  It also teaches patience, persistence, & self-reliance, plus it can be very relaxing & meditative.  Teaching others to knit is goodness itself, and helps to advance and solidify one’s own skills.  Lynn Landes   Also see: http://www.phillyknits.org/articles&books.htm

PRINT-OUT our brief booklet for beginners:  (set margins for .5")
 (under construction)

  
  Lesson Plan print-outs:
  1. Knit Kit
  2. Basics
  3. Slip Knot
  4. Cast On
  5. Knit
  6. Purl
  7. Bind Off
  8. Dropped Stitches
  9. Seam & Graft
  10. Increase & Decrease
  11. Slip Stitch (bottom of Increase & Decrease)
  12. Cords

   Background Info print-outs: STEAM related!

LEARN TO KNIT

You can knit and crochet all kinds of garments without being able to read a pattern.  However, being able to read patterns can add to your choices, technique, and abilities.
 

 

 

 

 

KNIT KIT!

 

 

What you need to start >


TEACHERS:  Please give students Print-outs of Lesson Plans (above) and any Background Info you choose.  Also, please allow the students to take home their Knit Kit (sandpaper, bamboo needles and "practice ball"), so that they can practice every day if they want to.  After students have mastered Lesson #6 Knitting, then please allow them to take their Project Yarn home.

PRINT-OUT: "What you need to start"

• yarn: 2 balls (small Practice Ball - 7” around), plus Project Ball, solid color and medium weight (worsted / # 4) is recommended for beginners (later, use multicolored yarns to better hide mistakes, stains, holes from moths, etc.) 

• knitting needles: 2 pairs for Project & Practice, use short 9-inch long needle, size 8, wood is best, plastic next, metal can be too slippery for beginners,

• sandpaper (220, 320, & 600) for Homemade Knitting Needles (see directions below)

• cable needle or round (not square) toothpick

• tapestry / jumbo needle, or make your own using rounded toothpicks or mini bamboo 8” skewers (see directions below)

• crochet hook (optional)

• small scissors

• bag: any kind of bag to hold your knitting, yarn ball, and supplies

Homemade knitting needles:
 

          
 

•       knitting needles: purchase inexpensive bamboo chopsticks (sharpen in a pencil sharpener) or 10” bamboo skewers (size 8 & already sharpened at one end) available for purchase online, craft stores, and Asian food markets (different lengths and widths could be available).  Or purchase dowels at hardware stores or craft stores, and saw to desired length.

•       sand entire needle 3 times with 3 grades of sandpaper in this order: 220, 320, then 600 - slightly round off sharpened tip.

•       wrap blunt end with rubber band to avoid knitted yarn from following off the needle end. 3rd photo: left needle – unsanded skewer / right needle – finished “skewered” knitting needle!

•       tapestry /jumbo needles – purchase rounded toothpicks or 8” mini bamboo skewers (size 3), cut in half, hammer blunt end in order to wedge yarn into wood fibers, then sand pointed end as above. For a second jumbo needle from other half of mini skewer, sand one end to a point (it will take more time since it is a blunt end) and hammer other end as above.
 


KNIT & CROCHET ABBREVIATIONS >
 
 

HELPFUL LINKS >

(more print instructions
below)

 

 

LESSONS
 

The LESSON PLAN is numbered to encourage students and teachers to work in a progressive order so that skills are built on a solid foundation.  Although there are many different ways to do things like how to wind yarn, hold yarn, slip knots, and cast-ons, we are recommending only one or two methods in the interest of simplicity and brevity.
 

 

TIPS

 

  • Hold first stitch on needles with pointer fingers.

  • Stitches on needles should be about 1 inch from tip.

  • Stitches should be snug, but not tight. Loops should be able to slide along needle.

  • After casting on, cut tail end of yarn to about 5 inches so that it is not knitted by mistake.

  • When you begin a new row, be sure to knit into the front yarn only and not both front and back.

  • After the first 2 knits, the yarn on your needle can get loose, gently pull on the yarn tail to snug up the stitch.


 

1. Winding yarn balls >


A
lways ball your yarn from...
loosely balled yarn, skeins, or hanks.


 

PRINT-OUT: "Yarn Balling"

VIDEO: "Yarn Balling" https://youtu.be/LP0NAVRjqxI

 


 

2. How to hold needles >

 

 

 

Tip: Keep pointer fingers on top of first stitches on either needles to keep yarn from falling off needles.
 


 

3. How to hold yarn >

 

 
   
Under Pointer Finger Over Pointer Finger
 

 NOTE: For less tension, place yarn between first two fingers only, or hold yarn any way that feels comfortable!                  
 


 

4. Slip Knot >

 


PRINT-OUT:  "Slip Knot"

VIDEO: "Slip Knot / Cast On" https://youtu.be/TrzuW1I97e0


 


 

5. Cast On >

 


PRINT-OUT:  "Cast On"
VIDEO:
"Slip Knot / Cast On" https://youtu.be/TrzuW1I97e0
 


 


Knits (v-shaped)
Purls (wavy bumps)

2Knit, 2Purl, 2Knit, 2Purl, 2Knit (an example of "ribbing")

Image result for purl stitch


 

6. Knit >


PRINT-OUT: "Knit" Yarn in back, cross right needle in back...

VIDEO:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dt2kuCCwVtg (Tanya Seaman's video)

VIDEO:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xkeGgEhdyHw
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

7. Purl >

 

PRINT-OUT: "Purl" Yarn in front, cross right needle in front...

VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0stkhQkvTqA


 


8. Bind Off >

PRINT-OUT:  "Bind Off"
VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D4V4DSJ9hUE
 

9. Dropped Stitches >
 

 

PRINT-OUT:  "Dropped Stitches"
VIDEO:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eliQ0MXID0M
 


10. Cords >
 

Simplest method for cords under 24 inches:  Cast on to desired length, then cast off! more coming...

11. Seam & Graft >
 

PRINT-OUT:  "Invisible Seams & Grafts"
READ:  http://www.vogueknitting.com/pattern_help/how-to/beyond_the_basics/seaming
VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nJ7KEGUTlJM
VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JuTlNae-EtM

12. Increase & Decrease >
 

 

PRINT-OUT: "Increase & Decrease"

READ: http://www.learn2knit.co.uk/knitting/increasing.php
READ:
http://www.learn2knit.co.uk/knitting/decreasing.php  
VIDEO:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cibdJgOayHk
 


13. Slip Stitches >
 

 

PRINT-OUT: at bottom of "Increase & Decrease"
VIDEO:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gbK_WR_Zkw4
 


 

14. Yarn Over >
 


Yarn over on the knit side, then on the purl side

VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3QbFhh8u4L8 

 

Yarn Over After a Knit Stitch And Before A Purl Stitch

VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8kK3CdgHKg 

 

Yarn Over After A Purl Stitch And Before A Knit Stitch.

VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ycovWUdQiJY
 


15. Bobble >
 

VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ArW4SThk7SA
VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KboYESnfetw
 

16. Pom Poms >

READ:  http://www.madeeveryday.com/2010/12/pom-poms-a-very-simple-tutorial.html/
VIDEO:  use a fork for small pom poms https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fjxJFcm16r0 
VIDEO:  use 2 cardboard cutouts for uniform length: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a13bFAFauPc
 

17. Circular knitting & joining in the round
 

 

VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kPxfYkwBmr4
 

 

STITCH PATTERNS


KNIT - PURL COMBINATIONS






"SAMPLE SCARF" >

 



 

Garter Stitch

 

 

All knits on both sides
 


 

Stockinette


 

Knits on one side and purls on the other side.
VIDEO:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Guxdb1in78M
 


 

Rib Stitch


 

2 knits, 2 purls - repeat
VIDEO: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/how-to-knit-a-ribbing-stitch.html 

 


 

Seed Stitch


 

Row 1: knit, purl - repeat
Row 2: purl, knit - repeat
VIDEO:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wdQyUBNWXdk
 


 

Moss Stitch


Row 1 & 2: 2 knits, 2 purls - repeat
Row 3 & 4: 2 purls, 2 knits - repeat
 


 

Basket Weave


 

Row 1-4: 4 knits, 4 purls - repeat
Row 5-8: 4 purls, 4 knits - repeat
 


 

Cable Stitch - bottom panel
 


 

VIDEO: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QG3E1-pacI0
 


KNITTING FOR LEFTIES:

 


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XYY5xjFjzAU&list=PL309D3497A05525A7&index=2

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC1lMGuiBEs5y0ZkrKyS1MHw


VIDEOS ON DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES & FOR THE MORE ADVANCED
 


http://www.yarn.com/videos/webs-knitting-tips-and-techniques-videos/

https://www.anniescatalog.com/pages/stitchguide/index.html?cid=4 

http://www.lionbrand.com/learn/how-to-knit

more to come...